Analogies & Parables in Matthew: 50. Fig Tree and Flood
Mt 24:32-37 “Now learn this lesson from the fig tree: As soon as its twigs get tender and its leaves come out, you know that summer is near. Even so, when you see all these things, you know that it is near, right at the door. I tell you the truth, this generation will certainly not pass away until all these things have happened. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away. “No one knows about that day or hour, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man.
There are two analogies here and we are wrapping them together because they both speak about the same thing, although the surrounding verses give a certain air of mystery to them. Jesus is responding to the disciples in this chapter when they come to him: “the disciples came to him privately. “Tell us,” they said, “when will this happen, and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?” (24:3) In the verses that follow it may be that the ‘signs of your coming’ should be taken to mean signs that will happen BEFORE he comes again rather than the signs that he is just about to come. There are, we suggest three parts to the things Jesus said: 1. The characteristics of the church age (v.4-14), 2. A destructive judgment that will come to Jerusalem and Israel in the immediate future (v.15-21), 3. The signs of the End Time immediately prior to his second coming (v.26-31)
So, Part 1, v.4-14: Those signs include many coming and claiming to be him (v.4,5), wars and rumors of wars (v.6). These are characteristics of the age in which we now live, “but the end is still to come.” (v.6b). Wars, famines and earthquakes are common (v.7) but note these are just “the beginning of birth pains” (v.8) i.e. they have to happen BEFORE the end time and throughout the Church age. There will also be persecution (v.9) and luke-warmness and a dropping away of believers (v.10), there will be false prophets and deception (11), and an increase of wickedness (v.12), so we need to stand firm to be saved (v.13) and when all nations have heard the Gospel Jesus will come again (v.14).
So, Part 2, v.15-21: he said to them AFTER THESE GENERAL SIGNS IN THE FUTURE, watch out because VERY SOON THESE OTHER SPECIFIC THINGS WILL COME: the enemy coming into the Temple (v.15). When that happens, take to the hills (v.16), quickly (v.17,18) because it will be tough (v.19-21).
So now let’s jump down to verses 32 to 37. We’ll leave you to do your own study of Part 3, v.22 to 31. Now we consider the analogies.
First of all he refers to the analogy of the fig tree, a very common tree in their land. Look, he says, you know that when the leaves come out summer is near. We might say when the Crocus bulbs start pushing up or when the daffodils start coming up, Spring is here.
Now comes a bit that often confuses people: “I tell you the truth, this generation will certainly not pass away until all these things have happened.” Some think ‘this generation’ meant everyone who lived afterwards but when we realise that verses 15 to 21 referred to their immediate future (although it is always possible there is a future element as well) it is easy to see that it meant those who were alive then for within 40 years it happened.
So whether it was them in their day watching the political upheavals with the Romans, us in the Church age, generally being aware of the characteristics of the age and so not being led astray, or whether we find ourselves in a time that is clearly the End Time with the chaotic things (physical and/or spiritual) taking place, the call is to be alert and watch the signs.
But then Jesus runs on and we see the second analogy: “Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away. “No one knows about that day or hour, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man.” (v.35-35) The first analogy was very straight forward and if we have any questions about the second one, the Flood and Noah, Jesus spells it out: “For in the days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, up to the day Noah entered the ark; and they knew nothing about what would happen until the flood came and took them all away. That is how it will be at the coming of the Son of Man.” (v.38,39) i.e. it is going to happen rapidly and come as a shock to many. He concludes, “So you also must be ready, because the Son of Man will come at an hour when you do not expect him.” (v.44)
The lessons and challenges are fairly obvious. Luke records Jesus saying, “when the Son of Man comes, will he find faith on the earth?” (Lk 18:8) So, don’t let the enemy deceive you and lead you astray so that your love grows cold. Keep alert in the Spirit to what is happening around you and don’t let yourself become distracted from the life in the kingdom. Hold firm, remain steady, be patient, rest in his timing, rejoice in his goodness and continue to be a faith person, because that is what he will be looking for according to the above quote. Amen!